Khatello ea Kelello fracture

Ho sithabela ha khatello ea maoto leotong

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Khatello ea Kelello fracture

Khatello ea kelello. Setšoantšo: Aaos.org

Ho sithabela ha khatello ea maoto leotong
Ho robeha khatello ea maikutlo (ho tsejoang hape e le mokhathala o robehileng kapa ho robeha ha khatello ea maikutlo) leotong ha ho hlahe ka lebaka la phoso e sa lebelloang, empa ka lebaka la ho imeloa haholo ka nako e telele. Mohlala ke motho ea neng a sa mathe haholo pele, empa eo ka tšohanyetso a qalang ho matha khafetsa libakeng tse thata - hangata asphalt. Ho matha khafetsa libakeng tse thata ho bolela hore leoto leotong ha le na nako ea ho fola pakeng tsa seboka ka seng, mme qetellong ho robeha ho sa phethahalang ho tla etsahala leotong. Khefu ea khatello ea maikutlo e ka hlaha ka ho ema ka maoto haholo, ka mojaro o boima ho tloha holimo ho ea tlase.



- Ke kae moo leoto le atileng haholo ho robeha khatello ea maikutlo?

Libaka tse tloaelehileng ka ho fetisisa tsa anatomical ke serethe (calcaneus), lesapo la mokokotlo (talus), leoto la sekepe (Navicularis) le leoto le bohareng (metatarsal). Haeba khatello ea khatello ea maikutlo e etsahala metatarsal, joale ho reha lebitso ho latela hore na e lutse ka methati efe. Likhathatso tsa khatello ea maikutlo ho methati ea bohlano (kantle, bohareng ba leoto) li bitsoa Jones tse robehileng, athe li-frattures tsa khatello ea methapo ea boraro li bitsoa li-march fractures. E qetellang e bitsoa hona ha e ntse e hlaha khafetsa maemong a boloi bo bongata bo bonoang ho oa, ka mohlala ho tsa sesole.

 

- Ho fumanoa khatello ea maikutlo ho fumanoa joang?

Maemong a tšohanyetso, bohloko bo ikarotseng sebakeng se le seng leotong - e leng hobe le ho feta ha o tsitsipana, lipelaelo tsa ho robeha ha khatello ea maikutlo kapa mokhathala o robeha. Ho robeha ho netefatsoa ke liteko tsa thothomelo le litšoantšo, ekaba ka X-ray kapa MRI.

 

- Phekolo ea litlolo tsa mokhathala?

Ntho ea bohlokoa ke khatello ea maikutlo maotong phomolo. Sena ke ho fa sebaka seo phomolo eo se e hlokang ho iphekola. Haeba u tsoela pele ho kenya sebaka sebakeng se feteletseng, leoto le ke ke la ba le monyetla oa ho aha bocha, 'me ntho eohle e ka fetoha selikalikoe se sehlōhō. Bekeng ea pele, ho kanna ha ba bohlokoa ho sebelisa lithupa ho imolla sebaka - mohlomong ho bohlokoa hore ho sebelisoe mesamo e menyenyane ea lieta ho lieta ho fana ka phomolo. Lieta le tsona li lokela ho ba le litheko tse ntle ho fokotsa matla a biomechanical a fetang leotong le lemetseng.

 

- Ho ka etsahalang haeba ke sa tsotelle khefu ea khatello ea maikutlo?

Haeba khatello ea khatello ea maikutlo e sa nkuoe ka botebo, ts'oaetso e ka hlaha sebakeng ka mor'a nako. Sena se ka lebisa litlamorao tse mpe tsa bongaka.

 

https://www.vondt.net/stressbrudd-i-foten/»Et stressbrudd (også kjent som tretthetsbrudd eller stressfraktur) i foten…

Posted ke Vondt.net - Tlhahisoleseling ea bophelo bo botle ba mesifa. on Laboraro, October 28, 2015




- Lisebelisoa: Na ho na le seo nka se jang ho ntšetsa pele pholiso?

Calcium le vithamine D li hlaha ka tlhaho ka sebopeho sa masapo, ka hona o kanna oa batla ho nahana ka ho lekaneng ka sena. Li-painkiller tsa NSAIDS li ka thusa ho liehisa pholiso ea tlhaho ea likotsi.

 

Setšoantšo: X-ray ea khatello ea maikutlo e robehileng leotong

X-ray ea khatello ea maikutlo e robeha leoto

X-ray ea khatello ea maikutlo e robeha leoto

Setšoantšong re bona ho robeha ha khatello moo x-ray e nkiloeng teng. Setšoantšong sa X-ray sa pele ha ho na lipatlisiso tse bonoang, empa sebopeho se lekane, ho na le mekhoa ea callus kamora libeke tse 4 ho x-ray e ncha.

 

CT ea mokhathala / fracture ea khatello ea maikutlo

CT ea mokhathala / ho sithabela ha khatello ea maoto ka leoto

Tlhahlobo ea CT - Tlhaloso ea setšoantšo: Mona re bona setšoantšo sa ho robeha ha khatello ea mophato oa 4 leotong la leoto la Navicularis.

 

MRI ea mokhathala oa ho tepella / ho sithabela ha khatello ea maikutlo

MRI ea mokhathala o robehileng leotong

Tlhahlobo ea MRI - tlhaloso ea setšoantšo: Setšoantšong re bona tlhahiso ea papiso ea khatello ea maikutlo kamoreng ea metatarsal.

 



- U ka fola kapele joang?

Re khothaletsa ka matla hore o sebelise sock compression ho eketsa phallo ea mali leotong la hau le lemetseng:

CHELETE E FUMANENG / SELF-HELP: - Ho hatella sock

Sock ena ea khatello e entsoe ka ho khetheha ho fana ka khatello ea lintlha tse nepahetseng bakeng sa mathata a maoto. Lisokisi tsa ho hatella li ka tlatsetsa ho ekeng ha potoloho ea mali le pholiso e eketsehang ho ba nang le ts'ebetso e fokotsehileng maotong - e ka fokotsang nako e telele hore maoto a hau a tloaelehe hape.

Tobetsa setšoantšo se kaholimo ho bala ho eketsehileng ka lisokisi tsena.

 

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Ho utloa bohloko ka serethe

Tse arolelanoang haholo hona joale: Phekolo ea New Alzheimer e ka khutlisa ts'ebetso e felletseng ea memori!

Lefu la Alzheimer's



 

Lipotso tse ling tse botsoang khafetsa:

Q: A na u ka ba le phallo ea mokhathala tibia ea lefuba?

Karabo: Ho robeha ha khatello ea maikutlo ho lefuba la tibia ho tloaelehile haholo. Likotsi tse tloaelehileng haholo tse etsahalang sebakeng sena ke tsa Osgood schlatter's le infrapatellar bursitis (knee mucositis) - ho robeha ha mokokotlo ho ka hlaha har'a batho ba banyane, ebe ka lebaka la ho koaleha ho fetelletseng ha li-extensors tsa lengole (tse khelosang lengole) tse hulang sekhechana sa masapo ho tuberositas tibia. Setšoantšong se ka tlase u ka bona moo lefuba la tibia le leng teng (ka Senyesemane le bitsoang tuberosity of the tibia).

 

Tuberositas tibia - Photo: Wikimedia Commons

Lefuba la Tibial - Setšoantšo: Wikimedia Commons

 

Q: Bekoa ba ho tsieleha ha moferefere MRI? Na hoa khoneha ho fumana hore na moferefere o fumanehile ka ho sebelisa MRI?

Karabo: Ho joalo. MRI ke tlhatlhobo ea litšoantšo e nepahetseng haholo ha ho tluoa ho fumaneng mokhathala o robehileng - CT le eona e ka sebetsa hantle, empa lebaka leo ka lona motho a khethang ts'ebeliso ea MRI ke hore ea morao ha e na radiation. Litlhahlobo tsa MRI maemong a mang li ka bona mokhathala o robehile / o robeha khatello ea maikutlo o sa bonahaleng X-ray.

 

Q: U lokela ho e etsa joang ha u ikoetlisa ka mor'a ho lemala leoto?

Karabo: Ntho ea bohlokoahali qalong ke ho fa sebaka se amehileng phomolo e lekaneng e le hore pholiso e ka etsahala ka tsela e molemohali. Ebe ho na le keketseho ea butle-butle e sebetsang ha ho tluoa ka palo ea boikoetliso. Setsebi sa musculoskeletal (e.g. physiotherapist kapa chiropractor) e ka u fa likeletso tseo u li hlokang bakeng sa pholiso e nepahetseng. Maemong a mang ho ka hlokahala footrest kapa likhoele ho tiisa phomolo e lekaneng ea sebaka seo.

 

Next: - Leoto la maoto? U lokela ho tseba sena!

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