Fibromyalgia is a medical condition that is characterized by chronic, widespread pain and increased pressure sensitivity in the skin and muscles. Fibromyalgia is a very functional condition. It is also very common for the person to suffer from fatigue, sleep problems and memory problems.
Symptoms can vary greatly, but characteristic symptoms are significant pain and burning pain in the muscles, muscle attachments and around the joints. It is classified as one soft vein disorder.
The cause of fibromyalgia is unknown, but recent studies have suggested that it may be epigenetics and genes that cause a malfunction in the brain. It is estimated that as many as 100000 or more are affected by fibromyalgia in Norway - according to figures from the Norwegian Fibromyalgia Association.
Also scroll down in the article for to watch a training video adapted to those with fibromyalgia.
More focus should be placed on research aimed at a condition that affects so many - that's why we encourage you to share this article in social media, preferably via our Facebook page and say: "Yes to more research on fibromyalgia". In this way one can make the 'invisible disease' more visible.
Also read: - 6 Exercises for Those with Fibromyalgia
Affected? Join the Facebook group «Rheumatism - Norway: Research and news»For the latest updates on research and media writing about this disorder. Here, members can also get help and support - at all times of the day - through the exchange of their own experiences and advice.
Fibromyalgia - definition
Fibromyalgia originates from Latin. Where 'fibro' can be translated with fibrous tissue (connective tissue) and 'myalgia' can be translated with muscle pain. The definition of fibromyalgia thus becomes'muscle and connective tissue pain'.
Who is affected by fibromyalgia?
Fibromyalgia most often affects women. There is a 7: 1 ratio between affected women and men - meaning that seven times as many women are affected as men.
What causes fibromyalgia?
You do not yet know the exact cause of fibromyalgia, but you have a number of theories and possible causes.
Genetics / Epigenetics: Studies have given evidence that fibromyalgia often persists in families / families and it has also been seen that external influences such as stress, trauma and infections can result in a fibromyalgia diagnosis.
- Is the answer to fibromyalgia the mystery in our genes?
Trauma / injury / infection: It has been argued that fibromyalgia may have a correlation to certain traumas or diagnoses. Neck pain, Arnold-Chiari, cervical stenosis, larynx, mycoplasma, lupus, Epstein Barr virus and respiratory tract infection have all been cited as possible causes of fibromyalgia.
What are the typical symptoms of fibromyalgia?
Significant pain and characteristic symptoms such as muscle stiffness, fatigue / fatigue, poor sleep, powerlessness, dizziness, headaches and stomach upset.
As mentioned, there have also been reports that people affected by fibromyalgia often suffer from memory problems, restless leg syndrome, sound and light sensitivity, as well as some neurological symptoms. The diagnosis is often associated with depression, anxiety and post-traumatic stress syndrome.
How is the diagnosis of fibromyalgia?
Previously, the diagnosis was made by examining 18 specific points on the body, but this method of diagnosis has now been discarded. On the basis that there is no specific diagnostic test, it is often based on the exclusion of other diagnoses as well as based on characteristic symptoms / clinical signs.
Diagnosis at sore points on the body?
Recent research, published in the Journal of Clinical Rheumatology (Katz et al, 2007), rejects the theory of sore points as a diagnostic criterion, as they concluded that most people also experience soreness in these points. It is also believed that many misinterpret severe myofascial pain such as fibromyalgia.
Treatment of fibromyalgia
The treatment of fibromyalgia is very complicated. This is because the condition is so variable between people and is often associated with a number of other conditions. Treatment can consist of medication, lifestyle changes, physical therapy and cognitive therapy - often in an interdisciplinary approach.
Some people experience improvement in their fibromyalgia symptoms by making changes to their diet. This may involve refraining from, for example, alcohol, dairy products and / or gluten.
It is very beneficial for someone who is afflicted with fibromyalgia and get help figuring out which exercise is best for them. A physical therapist can also treat sore, tight muscles.
Chiropractic and joint treatment
Joint and physical treatment can relieve muscle and joint pain. A modern chiropractor treats muscles and joints, and can also, as a primary contact, help with any referrals or similar.
Proven moderate effect on fibromyalgia symptoms. The effect is less if only cognitive therapy is used alone, but with significantly more effect if combined with other therapies.
Massage and physical therapy
Muscle work and massage can have a symptom-relieving effect on tight and sore muscles. It increases blood circulation to the locally sore muscle areas and dissolves into tight muscle fibers - it can also help remove beats and the like.
Needle treatment / acupuncture
Acupuncture and needle therapy have shown positive effects in treatment and pain due to fibromyalgia.
Proper breathing technique and breathing exercises Which can reduce stress and anxiety can help relieve symptoms.
Exercise / exercises for those with fibromyalgia
Adapted exercise and exercises can improve the person's physical form and sleep. It has also been linked to a decrease in pain and fatigue. Studies have shown that cardiovascular training and exercise exercises in particular appear to be most effective for those affected by fibromyalgia. Below is an example of a training program:
VIDEO: 5 Movement Exercises for Those with Fibromyalgia
Here you see five good movement exercises that are adapted to those with fibromyalgia. These can help you relieve muscle pain and stiff joints. Click below to see them.
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Hot water / pool training
Hot water / pool training has shown that it can be very effective when it comes to symptom relief and functional improvement - this is especially because it combines cardio training with resistance training.
Also read: - 3 Deep Breathing Exercises Against Stress
How can I keep fibromyalgia at bay?
- Live healthy and exercise regularly (within your limits)
- Seek well-being and avoid stress in everyday life
- Stay in good physical shape with adapted exercise programs for those with fibromyalgia
The image is compiled by CureTogether and shows an overview of therapies and their reported efficacy in the treatment of fibromyalgia. As we see, LDN scores very high.
Read more: 7 Ways LDN Can Help Against Fibromyalgia
Feel free to share in social media
Again, we want to ask nicely to share this article in social media or via your blog (please link directly to the article). Understanding and increased focus are the first steps towards a better everyday life for those affected by chronic pain, rheumatism and fibromyalgia.
Here's how you can help fight chronic pain and support it:
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Robert S. Katz, MD, and Joel A. Block, MD. Fibromyalgia: Update on Mechanisms and Management. Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Volume 13 (2) April 2007pp 102-109
Images: Creative Commons 2.0, Wikimedia, WikiFoundry
Frequently Asked Questions About Fibromyalgia:
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